|The future site of the Bailey's Crossroads shelter and transitional housing facility on Seminary Road.|
There were 987 people who were literally homeless, according to the 2018 point in time (PIT) count on Jan. 24, an increase of 23 over the 2017 PIT.
The PIT is done by dozens of staff and volunteers from public and private organizations on a single day, who count people in shelters, in time-limited transitional housing programs, or unsheltered on the street, in the woods, or in cars.
The PIT conducted on Jan. 24, 2018, found:
- Among the 987 homeless people counted, 488 were people in families and 499 were single individuals.
- Thirty percent of all persons who were homeless were children under the age of 18.
- Eighty-five percent of the adults (161) in homeless families were female, an increase of 5 percent from 2017.
- Forty-nine percent of adults (93) in homeless families were employed; a decrease from 57 percent in 2017.
- The number of families whose homelessness was due to domestic violence increased 18 percent from last year.
- Sixteen percent of homeless families were considered “youth households,” as all of the family members were under the age of 25.
- Forty-four percent of single adults who were experiencing homelessness suffered from serious mental illness or substance abuse, the same number as last year.
- There were 86 unsheltered individuals, 19 fewer than in the 2017 count.
- Seventy-six percent of single individuals were males (377), 24 percent were females (120), one person was transgendered, and one person didn’t identify as male, female, or transgendered.
- Twenty-eight percent of single adults (139) were employed; higher than the 23 percent in 2017.
- Six percent of single adults (31) were reported as veterans; similar to last year.
- There were two homeless youths under age 18, residing at the Second Story youth shelter.
- Twenty-nine percent of the single adults (146) were over 55 years of age.
The Fairfax County Office to Prevent and End Homelessness attributes the 10-year decline to several factors, including implementation of the housing first policy, increased homelessness prevention and rapid rehousing efforts, and a move toward permanent rather than transitional housing.
The increase from 2017 to 2018 is due to increased shelter capacity for domestic violence victims, an overall dearth of new housing resources for the homeless and those at risk of homelessness, and a decrease in federal housing resources.